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In Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human, primatologist Richard Wrangham argues that cooking gave early humans an advantage over other primates, leading to larger brains and more free time. Wrangham discusses his theory, and why Homo sapiens can't live on raw food alone.
That's because other primates don't barbecue their food or boil it or broil it or sauté it or any of those things. Cooking, it turns out, is a uniquely human thing, but my next guest says it's not just unique to humans, it's essential. It's what made us human, and he argues that this custom of cooking our food has not only changed our bodies over the years, giving us smaller mouths and smaller guts, he says it's given us an evolutionary advantage: bigger brains, more time to use those brains and less time wasting time foraging and chewing all day long.
Now I'd like to introduce my guest, Richard Wrangham, and we'll have some - we'll be talking about cooking with my guest Richard Wrangham, the author of "Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human," who will be with us shortly. He is the director of the Kibale Chimpanzee Project in Uganda and Ruth Moore Professor of Biological Anthropology and Curator of Primate Behavioral Biology at Harvard University.
So now, I've given a bit of an introduction, which you might not have heard, about how cooking is not only unique to humans but made us human, and before we get to that argument and this very interesting new hypothesis of yours, do we have any evidence on how humans first began to cook?
So, the only way to assess the impact of cooking on digestibility is to look at what happens to the food by the time it reaches the end of the small intestine, before it goes into the large intestine. That is, of course, a great, great difficulty because it hurts if people dive into your guts and extract your food.
We're talking this hour about how cooking made us human. My guest is Richard Wrangham, the author of "Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human," oddly enough. He's also director of the Kibale Chimpanzee Project in Uganda and professor at Harvard University in Cambridge.
MARK: Okay. It's about carmelization. Some researchers saying that carmelization can actually induce aging in certain measures. The question, basically, is: Do some - how does overcooking or undercooking affect foods can actually affect our aging? And in some regards to that, does aging affect our ability to eat certain foods? Thank you.
So maybe we have, as a species, adapted to the negative effects of these Maillard compounds. It's one of many, many areas where there's not enough information for us to be certain. But you're absolutely right that cooking produces these Maillard compounds, and many of them are known to be toxic in other animals, so there are cases where we want to know more about that.
You can also eat processed foods which don't contain gluten, such as ready meals and soups. Our Food and Drink Information lists thousands of products and you can access this online, on our app or order one in hard copy. Some ingredients are confusing as they can be made from wheat but the final ingredient is gluten free, for example glucose syrup. Read more about information on labels and ingredients like this.
Our Gluten free Checklist can help you identify which foods are safe - you can download a copy at the bottom of this page. This is a great tool to get you started. And to help you shop, use our Coeliac UK Live Well Gluten Free app which will let you scan items to tell you whether we list these as gluten free.
So this past Halloween, I separated the pumpkin guts from the pumpkin seeds (like so many other people) to roast the seeds as I have done in years past. My 14-year old mini poodle mix (that's human years) began munching on dropped pumpkin bits that were being "accidentally" flung on the ground by my kiddos. I wasn't sure if pumpkin was okay for my dog to eat so I jumped on the net and at least my nerves were calmed by finding out that you can use pureed pumpkin in making dog treats. We carved our pumpkins a few days before Halloween, so I kept the pumpkin guts in a plastic container overnight to make treats the next day. I have enjoyed making homemade dog treats for many years now - I give them away to friends and family for their furry family members Christmas gifts - and have made them for our own pups throughout the years, when I have had time. To me they are a labor of love as they can be time consuming, but now that my children are older, they can help and we can make them together for our remaining furry friend in our family. Read on to make your own pumpkin puree and peanut butter dog treats.There are many great dog treat recipes here on Instructables, and I found some useful information in How to Make Healthy Homemade Apple Cinnamon Dog Treats by aelbert, that specifically talks about different ingredients in dog treats, including cinnamon and eggs if that is something you may be concerned with in this recipe. 2b1af7f3a8